12 Secrets To Making Homemade Cake Donuts
Earlier this year, I was pretty excited to have one of my donut recipes appear in a major magazine – Ocala Style. (Okay… so it’s not Time or Newsweek, but I understand it’s popular in parts of Florida.) I loved seeing the photo I took of a donut that had actually been in my mouth. There was a little shout-out to MrBreakfast.com. It was awesome. Although, as Frank Sinatra might say, “Regrets… I had a few.” Because of space limitations, the recipe was shortened to its bare bones minimum. As printed, the recipe was correct and usable, but homemade donuts are tricky business.
When I reread the original recipe I sent them, I realized it was several paragraphs long. It was half recipe and half essay. To my mind, people had to know every tiny aspect of the donut-making process. But to them… I can imagine an editor saying, “This guy is nuts. He’s do-nuts! We’re gonna need 3 full pages. Chop it down.”
I’m not crazy, man. I just want to be thorough. When I started making donuts, I used little recipes like that and it always left me wanting more explanation.
Here’s my chance to make things right. I’ve published the recipe on the website in a longer form.
Berry Delicious Cake Donuts Recipe
So the recipe wouldn’t be obnoxiously long, I’ve removed many of my tips and tricks and transferred them here. Which brings us to the subject of the day…
12 Secrets To Making Successful Homemade Cake Donuts
#1. Mashed Potatoes
Professional donut makers know this trick. Mashed potatoes give your donuts a fluffier inside texture. You only need a little – about 1/3 cup potato to 2 and 1/2 cups flour. Make sure the potatoes are mashed completely. You don’t want chunks of potato in your donuts. Having the mashed potatoes at room temperature will also help you avoid small chunks. And yes… leftover mashed potatoes work fine.
#2. Soy Flour
Replacing just a Tablespoon or two of your all-purpose or cake flour with soy flour has a magical effect. It helps prevent absorption of oil into the donut as it fries. The final product is lighter and less greasy. Don’t be put off by the smell of the soy flour. It smells like garden fresh peas. I promise that odor cooks away leaving the effect and not the flavor. (This tip isn’t included in the Berry Delicious Donut recipe – but I recommend it.)
#3. Don’t Over-Mix
I’ve read recipes that ask you to use a paddle mixer on the combined dough for 5 minutes. This is usually a case of people mixing up their yeast donut recipes with their cake donut recipes. Cake donuts are basically a quick bread, like a muffin. They key to any quick bread is to immediately stop mixing once the ingredients are uniformly combined.
#4. Biscuit Cutters
When cutting out donuts, I always use biscuit cutters. I’ve tried several utensils marketed specifically for cutting donuts, but no matter the consistency of my dough, the newly cut donuts tend to get caught up in the cutter. Simple round cutters are the way to go. I use a 2 and 1/2 inch cutter for cutting donuts and a 1-inch cutter for making holes. Have a small bowl of flour at your cutting station and dip the cutter into the flour after every couple cuts and you shouldn’t have a problem with dough sticking to the biscuit cutters.
#5. The Principal of Rising Temperature
Donut shops have fantastic fryers that regulate heat incredibly well. But me and you, we have a thermometer and a sturdy pot, maybe a baby fryer if we’re lucky. I’ve found 360 degrees to be the ideal temperature for frying donuts. The problem is that maintaining that temperature while frying is impossible. The oil cools as dough is added to it. You can expect your oil temperature to drop 30 odd degrees during every batch. Always wait for your oil to approach 360 degrees before making the next batch. I use the word “approach” because the goal is to add the donuts right at the 360 degree mark. I’ll gauge the temperature a couple times between batches, get a feel for how fast the temperature is rising and drop in the donuts when I think it’s 360. If I wait for a read of 360, it could be 370 by the time the donuts are sinking and that could mean overdone donuts.
#6. Stay Cool
Believe me, I know that making donuts the first few times can be frustrating. The internet is loaded with incomplete and unworkable recipes. The biggest frustration comes from dough being too soft and bending out of it’s beautiful donut-shape after it’s cut. In the case of cake donuts, don’t worry about having to incorporate more flour. You have one shot at flour-correction and that’s right before you cut the donuts. If you cut them out and can’t transfer them to a baking sheet with your hands, add more flour. I’ll add as much as a quarter cup. Sprinkle it over your outlaid dough. Re-ball the dough and pat it down again. Try cutting out the shapes and see if you have better luck. As you get more into donut making, the dough will start to speak to you and you’ll get a sense of whether or not it needs more flour before you roll it out the first time.
#7. Keep ‘Em Cool
Keep the uncooked donuts a fair distance away from the fryer or stove top. Having the dough too close to increased heat will cause the dough to soften making transfer into the oil more difficult.
#8. Chop Sticks
For flipping donuts in the hot oil, nothing beats a pair of chop sticks. Just grab a couple of extra ones next time you’re at a Chinese restaurant. In lieu of chop sticks, two dull butter knifes will work but they might get hot whereas trusty disposable chopsticks stay cool.
#9. Float, Flip & Flip
When frying cake donuts, I let the donuts tell me when they should be flipped. After you submerge them, they’ll sink nearly to the bottom of the fryer. After a few seconds, they’ll float. Flip them right away. After 30 seconds, check the undersides. When lightly golden brown, flip again and cook the other side to a light golden brown.
#10. Wire Strainer And Plenty of Paper Towels
If you fry donuts at the right temperature, they absorb a surprisingly small amount of oil. The last thing you want is for them to absorb more oil after they’ve cooked. To prevent that, lift donuts out of the oil using a stainless steel wire strainer. Let the strainer set above the oil for a second so oil drips off. Transfer the donuts to a paper towel lined cooling rack to further remove excess oil.
#11. Initials In the Icing
Getting the right consistency for your icing is easy if you take a few precautions. First, add liquid to the powdered sugar in small increments. Icing is funny stuff. One second, you’re stirring a glop of powdered sugar. A drop of liquid later, you have almost perfect icing. I like to stir my icing together in a mixing bowl over a pan of warm water. You know that the consistency is just right the moment you can drip your initials in the bowl with a small spoon. The final consistency is similar to honey. As a rule, always let your donuts cool completely before dipping them in the icing.
#12. Meringue Powder
When it comes to icing, this lesser-known secret ingredients can make a big difference. It’s a combination of dried egg whites and corn starch. You can buy it at specialty food stores and kitchen supply outlets. A small pinch of meringue powder mixed in with your powdered sugar results in an icing that firms up much better than powder sugar on its own. Instead of having icing that looks like pasted on Betty Crocker frosting, you get a glossy fine sheen with a tender crust that dimples when touched with your finger.
Stayed tuned for more tips and tricks for making donut shop quality donuts at home.